Yellowstone BMA's
Yellowstone Bear Management Areas

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Yellowstone Bear Management Areas (BMA's)
To help minimize the impact of humans on critical bear habitat the park service has set aside 16 bear management areas within Yellowstone that allow bears to interact naturally with their surroundings and with other bears. Each location has specific guidelines so please review them carefully before making plans to visit any of these locations. Park rangers will also provide relevant information on bear activity for the areas you are planning to travel. Trails and campsites may be closed if bear and human encounters become frequent.

To view the current backcountry travel restrictions for each region simply click on the areas shown above. Additional information on travel restrictions and BMA closures can be found on each of the backcountry campsites listings page. For more information on traveling in bear country please click here.



Yellowstone BMA List

Antelope BMA - Closed March 10th to November 10th
Dunraven Pass is open. From May 25th through November 10th, foot travel is allowed on the old Road Trail from Tower Falls Campground to the Buffalo Picnic Area.

Clear Creek 1 BMA
From April 1st through August 10th, travel is only allowed on the east shore from Nine Mile Trailhead to Park Point. All other trails are closed and off-trail travel is prohibited. Campsite 5H1 is open (no travel from site). On August 11th, all the campsites are open and off-trail travel is permitted.

Hiking trails in this region: Thorofare Trail

Clear Creek 2 BMA
From April 1st through July 14th, travel is only allowed on the east shore trail from Park Point to Beaverdam Creek. All other trails are closed and off-trail travel is prohibited. Open campsites are 5E2, 5E3, 5E4, and 5E6 (no travel away from campsite). All other campsites are closed. On July 15th, all campsites open and off-trail travel is permitted.

Hiking trails in this region: Thorofare Trail

East Blacktail BMA - Closed March 10th to June 30th
This area is closed from March 10th through June 30th.

Firehole BMA - Closed March 10th to the Friday of Memorial Day Weekend
This area includes Firehole Freight Road and Firehole Lake Drive, the Mary Mountain Trail from the Nez Perce Trailhead to Mary Lake heading east, is also closed from March 10th through June 15th. Through hiking from the west side, beginning in the Hayden Valley is not allowed, however, hikers can travel from the Mary Mountain Trailhead in the Hayden Valley to Mary Lake and back. Streamside use is allowed from the point where Nez Perce Creek crosses the Grand Loop Road (between Madison Junction & Old Faithful) to a point one mile upstream along Nez Perce Creek.

Hiking trails in this region: Sentinel Meadows & Imperial Geyser Trails, Mary Mountain/ Nez Perce Trail (from the east side), Fairy Falls Trail, Fairy Creek Trail, Mystic Falls Trail, Summit Lake Trail, Fountain Flat Drive, Firehole Lake Drive.

Gallatin BMA - May 1st to November 10th
From May 1st through November 10th travel is allowed only on designated trails (off-trail travel is prohibited). A minimum group size of four or more people is recommended if you plan on hiking or camping in this area.

Hiking trails in this region: Bighorn Pass Trail (central portion), Fawn Pass Trail (central portion), Sportsman Lake Trail and Electric Peak

Gneiss Creek BMA - Closed March 10th to June 30th
This area is closed from March 10th through June 30th. From July 1st through November 10th, travel is allowed only on designated trails only (off-trail travel is prohibited).

Hiking trails in this region: Gneiss Creek Trail

Grant Village Campground
The Grant Campground does not open prior to June 20th, Opening dates will vary annually and are available in the park newspaper and on the national park website. If bears are still frequenting the spawning streams after opening, the campground loops adjacent to the streams will remain closed until bear activity ceases. Campground closure dates are determined annually and can also be located in the park newspaper or on the website.

Heart Lake BMA - Closed April 1st to June 30th
This area is closed from April 1st through June 30th.

Hiking trails in this region: Heart Lake Trail, Trail Creek Trail, Heart River Trail, Upper Snake River Trail, Basin Creek Trail

Lake Spawn BMA
From May 15th through July 14th, no off-trail travel is allowed and the trail between Cabin Creek and Outlet Creek is closed. Open campsites are 7L5, 7L6, 7L8, 7L7, 7M3, 7M4, 7M5, 6A3, 6A4 and 6B1 (no travel away from campsite). On July 15th all campsites open and off-trail travel is permitted.

Hiking trails in this region: Trail Creek Trail

Mirror Plateau BMA
From May 15th through November 10th, the area is open to day use only with the exception that from July 1st through August 14th overnight camping is permitted for a combined total of 14 nights at backcountry campsites 301 and 5P7.

Pelican Valley BMA - Closed April 1st to July 3rd
From July 4th through November 10th the area is open to day use only between the hours of 9 a.m. and 7 p.m.

Hiking trails in this region: Pelican Valley Trail, Pelican Cone Trail, Mist Creek Trail, Turbid Lake Trail, Astringent Creek Trail (below Fern Lake)

Richard's Pond BMA - Closed March 10th to the Friday of Memorial Day Weekend
From the Saturday of Memorial Day weekend through September 30th, Duck Creek, from the park boundary upstream to the Campanula Creek/Richard's Creek fork, is open to streamside travel. The area upstream from Campanula Creek/ Richard's Creek fork is closed from March 10th through September 30th.

Riddle/ Solution BMA - Closed April 30th to July 14th
Area is closed April 30th through July 14th.

Hiking trails in this region: Riddle Lake Trail, Trail Creek Trail

Two Ocean BMA
From March 10th through July 14th and August 22nd through November 10th, travel is allowed only on designated trails (off-trail travel is prohibited). From July 15th through August 21st, a permit is required for persons wishing to travel away from designated trails. Contact the South Entrance Ranger Station for permit information.

Hiking trails in this region: Two Ocean Plateau Trail, South Boundary Trail (Fox Creek Cabin east to the Thorofare)

Washburn BMA - Closed August 1st to November 10th
From March 10th through July 31st the area is open by special permit only. Contact the Tower Ranger Station for permit information.




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